Though not as hefty as the list for women’s health, men require quite a few screenings to be done to ensure optimal health while aging. See the list below for screenings to be administered and how often.
- Get tested at least every 2 years if you have normal blood pressure (lower than 120/80). If your blood pressure is higher, consult your doctor on treatment or testing if higher.
- If you are at risk for osteoporosis (due to long term steroid usage, low body weight, heavy alcohol usage, genetics, smoking, or other risk factors), bone mineral density testing is advised at least once.
- Get screening for diabetes if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80, you take medicine for high blood pressure, you are overweight, or you are over the age of 45.
- Starting at age 35, you should begin testing your cholesterol levels every 5 years. Risk factors may require you to be tested more often. Consult your doctor or nurse if you are unsure how often you should be testing your cholesterol.
- Most men age 50 or older should discuss screening for prostate cancer with their provider. African American men or those with a family history of prostate cancer should discuss screening at age 45.
- PSA testing can be more harmful than beneficial, but if you choose to undergo PSA testing, you should be tested once a year.
- Starting at age 50, you should begin screening for colorectal cancer every year and receiving a flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5-10 years. If you have risk factors including ulcerative colitis or family history of colon cancer, you should screen more often.
- You should regularly be tested for STIs if you are sexually active or at increased risk. For increased safety, it is wisest to be tested at least once per year for all communicable STIs.